Wednesday, June 17, 2020

Brock Afentful’s (2Can TV) AMA is EYE-OPENING




Well, this might come as a surprise, but I was actually wrong about Brock of 2CanTV, the guy who thinks you should help pay for his new house in Texas because he purchased some toucans for his own pleasure. In the previous article, I stated that his first toucan was a Toco toucan named Ripley. It turns out that was wrong, consider this my retraction. 

However, the information I just by sheer coincidence happened to stumble on while searching ‘pet toucan’ (why does the Google algorithm love this guy so much?) is perhaps even more damning.
 

Brock’s first toucan was a collard aracari, a much smaller species. Unsurprisingly, he has been showing off toucans for attention and getting praised for it a lot longer than I realized. Here is his AMA (ask me anything) on Reddit, posted 9 years ago. Interestingly, he seems to have deleted his account there, and I am unaware if he shared information about this bird before, as I haven’t (and certainly won’t) watch every one of his videos.
 

Here are pictures of the bird in question.
 

As you can see, Brock is actively promoting toucans as pets and there’s a shocking reason why, which I’ll get to in a second. Here are some very interesting highlights from the comments that young Brock, who now claims toucans and other exotic animals shouldn’t be kept as pets, has made:

  • “Hardly any [noise], actually. They are MUCH quieter than any parrot. They make a purring sound when content and an almost velociraptor like call when communicating otherwise. Not to mention they don't bite the way parrots do. Their bills are actually fairly weak.”
     
  • “They aren't demanding or moody as parrots are.”
     
  • “I had a sugar glider too a few years back” (Gasp, yet another exotic pet!)


Where is Zoey?


Brock has made a nasty habit of feeding his toucans garbage like froot loops for no logical reason which I have pointed out in my previous post, and he continues to do so to this day, even though he is clearly aware he shouldn’t:
 

“Q: Do you feed him fruit loops? A: I have fed her a couple before, but its not recommended. They need a strict low iron diet. Believe it or not, they love starchy foods like spaghetti more than anything.”
 

Spaghetti? Why? Is it really that hard to just feed the dang birds fruit and pellets? So the question I have now is, where is this bird? It seems like Brock got this bird about 10 years ago, as you can see in this video he posted of Zoey, who appears to be a fledgling. In the video, she has an infected foot (perhaps bumblefoot, a disease animals tend to get from bacteria-laden conditions), and he posted the video to ask “toucan experts” for help. Brock got his toco toucan, Ripley, about 6 years ago. 




 

This means Zoey ‘disappeared’ around 3-5 years of age. Was she given away or sold, did she escape (Brock proudly states he took her outdoors on his shoulder even though she was fully flighted, BAD idea) or did she die prematurely?
 




If so, Brock’s husbandry has resulted in the early deaths of two toucans, not one, and upon losing this aracari, he 'upgraded' to a larger, more expensive bird, which died around 6 years of age. So after that, Brock upgraded again, and invested at least $8000 on another, rarer, toucan, and purchased two other “rescue” toucans with his fan’s money soon after, the same people who he is asking to buy him a new house so he can obtain even more toucans, while also getting donations for their veterinary care. So now he has one of each species. It all comes to a circle when you learn this next fact…
 

Brock Wanted to BREED TOUCANS?


You’ve read that correctly! As though there wasn’t enough evidence that Brock is just a collector, not a noble and benevolent bird “rescuer” who deserves your donations, this statement he made really brings it home:
“I plan on going to school for zoology/ ornithology after I am done with my Network Security degree. Animals are one of my passions, ESPECIALLY birds. I can assure anybody with doubts that i have the upmost respect and care for these animals, and plan on breeding them as a side job in the next 5 years.”
Here it is in plain English; Brock had plans to breed toucans, as pets, for profit, the ultimate sin in Pettube Land (it is unclear if he went and got that science education.) This is the same dude who is now claiming that they shouldn’t be pets (but they’re here, so he might as well buy them…that makes PERFECT sense) so he could play up to the irrational emotions of people who need to hear people say this so they can feel better about enjoying content from an exotic pet owner. 

Said exotic pet owner needs to be self-hating and ‘parrot out’ animal rights rhetoric in order to be accepted and praised. It absolutely makes no sense, but it clearly works well for him.
 

I have so many questions. Was Ripley going to be a breeder? Did Brock just run out of funds to get her a mate? Did he just find a new way to make money off of his birds (okay, I know the answer to this one). Why doesn’t he (as far as I know)  talk about Zoey on his Instagram, Youtube or Facebook (I did find one photo of her, but no explanation)? Is Brock now achieving his goals in the very most Carole Baskin-esque fashion as possible? I was so right about him, it’s almost scary.
 

After reading his comments, I started to see why perhaps Brock presumably hasn’t made mention of this little reddit post and the associated account is deleted on the archived thread. Here’s another interesting comment he made:
 

“Q: Have you/do you now plan to use Zoey to pick up chicks?”
Brock: “She's been picking up chicks for me ever since I got her. I showed that bitch an exotic animal. bitches love exotic animals.”
 

Reference to a meme…or hidden truth?

Friday, April 24, 2020

Brock Afentul (2CAN TV) Hypocrisy and Questionable Husbandry


"Brasil" by fonsecam63 is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

Last year I described an apparent mental failing I termed The Parrot Paradox. In short, this is people's tendency to see a pet that is uncommon and unusually owned and perceive that animal as difficult to care for (or jump to the conclusion that it doesn't belong in captivity) often without even knowing anything about that animal. This is a consistent occurrence with parrots (common) vs. toucans (uncommon) and the belief that the latter requires specialized care or should only be in zoos, even when parrots are considered to be high-maintenance pets [5].

To expand upon this cognitive bias, I would like to introduce you to the "Three Can'ts" (because they all say you can't care for a toucan properly, so to speak). These are three individuals who post a lot of online content about their pet toucans, therefore, their information is favored by Google and Youtube algorithms. All three have the following in common: They've owned toucans as pets, they all believe toucans shouldn't be pets, and they are all relatively young, have no education in the sciences, and had their first toucan(s) for 6 years and under before giving them up or having them prematurely die (generally longevity in captivity is 21 years [25]).

They are Brock Afentful of 2CAN TV, Jamieleigh Womach of Bird Tricks, and Chrissann Nickel of the blog Adventures in Toucanland.

I will discuss the other two in more detail in future posts, but while Womach and Nickel impulsively purchased their toucans, Brock may be the least qualified to be making public statements on the suitability of toucans as pets for many reasons.

To start, this is the video that inspired this post:



In this video, Afentful makes some comments that show an appalling lack of self-awareness and obvious hypocrisy which is evident from the title alone (Tiger King, Exploiting Animals for Fame, & Why Toucans Shouldn't be Bets!(Rant).



He also says: "I don't believe toucans, or any exotic animals, should be pets. But they are here to stay and we can't change that now. The best thing we can do is make sure they get to qualified people or facilities that give them the best lives possible." and on another video "I do NOT recommend or endorse Toucan's as pets."

These comments sound insane, considering that Afentful:
  • Spent $10,000 to $12,000 on his first toucan, Ripely, from a breeder.  
  • When Ripely passed, he got his followers to help him buy a new one (and send the original's body to an unspecified museum), for a similar price.
  • He also got his followers to help pay for 2 more toucans soon after, under the guise that they were being "rescued". 
  • He (obviously) puts up content that makes owning toucans look appealing (because they are), for revenue. 
  • He literately says that his channel is responsible for 75% of his income and asks his followers to help pay for his new house ("we're trying to move to a new facility" from the video "Toucans Bite and it is Not Fun").

Therefore, Brock Afentful is, by every definition, exploiting his birds, as they help pay his bills, and yes, his earnings also pay for the care of the birds, which is also to his benefit, because they are his desired, extremely expensive, luxury pets. One only needs to glance beneath the "rant" video in question, where he is ironically begging for donations and selling products depicting his pets.


Brock Afentful Questionable Husbandry


Why is Afentful asking for donations? The fact remains, either he can afford the care of his birds that he asked his supporters to help him buy and simply would rather have someone else do it, or he can't afford their care yet "rescued" two toucans after he spent what would be more than a month's income for much of America's population on the first toucan.

Furthermore, his house is filled with what appears to be expensive mainstream film memorabilia, including this model of a Jurassic Park T-rex that retails for over $500 in the U.S. at the time of its release.

This is important, as Afentful presents his channel as an educational resource and perhaps even a toucan "rescue". It should be noted that there are real bird rescues that utilize their limited resources to help as many lower value birds as possible, while Afentful is collecting money for three valuable (even if they are sick) animals that he owns completely for pleasure (his words: “I can’t imagine living my life without a toucan”) when he supposedly thinks that is wrong. He even claims that he does this "for a living".

 

Small Cages?


Ironically, by the standards of most toucan keepers, Brock Afentful's enclosures are way too small for large toucans, including one of the most well-known breeders, Emerald Forest, and even they don't believe toucans shouldn't be pets. Most owners of large toucans believe they should ideally be housed in walk-in avaries. Here are cage specifications from three resources:

Emerald Forest: 12 feet by 24 feet by 8 feet [4]
AZA:  2 feet wide by 6 feet long by 6 feet high (this is only a quarantine cage for short periods) [17]
Summers, Amando: "Large Toucans need the largest Macaw-size cage you can find, or better, walk-in aviaries" [21].

This was Ripley, his first toucan's cage, this is Toupac's cage, and this is the cage for the 2 new birds he "rescued" (at 14:00), which appears to be the same model (or is it the same cage?) of Toupac's double macaw-sized cage (possibly 80"x40"x61" interior), but split in half to accommodate the two birds (it is unclear if this housing situation is permanent, and if it is, this is a very stressful situation as the two birds do not get along and have no means of hiding from each other's view).
However, he claims 2 of the birds are rarely in the cage.


But there's a few problems with this.

  • Toucans defecate, on average I would say, every 5-10 minutes, constantly, all day. As they do not have a crop like parrots [4][6], they eat throughout all their waking hours and poop on a consistent basis [1][22]. They can even sometimes eliminate food they've eaten 15 minutes ago [6]. This means that if he is telling the truth, then even with daily frequent cleaning, his house is filthy and gross and possibly infested with fruit flies/ants/other bugs [22], especially since he lives in the South (personal experience owning a toucan). That is simply not sanitary.
  • He is forcing his toucans to sleep outside of their preferred sleeping quarters, a nesting cavity [16][17][22][25], none of which are present inside or out of the cages.
  • It is completely unsafe to allow toucans to free-roam the house without constant supervision, and I mean constant. Simply being 'around' or within the same space isn't enough. They can injure themselves, and far more commonly, ingest small objects and die [4][11][22]. His house appears to be a normal house, not an emptied-out specially designed-for-birds living space. 
  • His house contains a small number of perches and perch-able surfaces. While it might sound appealing that the birds get to "free roam", they naturally prefer to spend little time on the ground [17]. This means the space that is available to them, besides the floor, is not so large. 
  • It is recommended that the larger toucans are kept outdoors with natural sunlight for optimal health [17]. 
  • If Afentful wants us to believe these toucans are so well-behaved that they remain still on certain perches and are perfectly content, he has successfully made the argument that they are excellent pets. Otherwise, this housing situation is not adequate.
  • Furthermore, if he doesn't believe in caging the birds for long periods, it begs the question, why did he raise money to buy two more "rescue" toucans that may or may not get along with his first toucan within the household or properly adjust to this precarious free-roaming situation that he is dependent on? As he states he "tries to give them as much of a cage-free life as they can possibly have", he sounds like he feels entitled to have the birds even though he does not have the proper enclosure(s) and requires them to be extremely tame and well-behaved (in direct contradiction to them being "bad pets") in order to live well in his home. Furthermore, he claims Beatrix cannot be out as often due to "behavior issues", but these "issues" (aggression, territoriality, flying into walls, ect.) are in fact NORMAL and EXPECTED toucan behaviors [4][15][16] (especially when they are parent-raised [1]) .
  • Afentful could have pursued buying or "rescuing" less expensive aracaries or toucanets that are the appropriate size for his situation, as I did, but he choose to purchase large toucans for his own desires. 
This was Beatrix's quarantine area with papers that were "just changed", to give some perspective on the amount that toucans eliminate. Image used under Fair Use.

 

Feeding Toucans Junk for Views


None of Brock Afentful's followers seem to make anything of the fact that he at least once has fed all of his toucans fried chick-fil-a nuggets and Froot Loops. He does this possibly to amuse people, not for "education" and certainly not for the benefit of the birds. While Afentful often states to his followers that toucans like to eat meat, they rarely do this except when raising chicks [3][13][14][20][22][24][25].

The diet should be as low in iron as possible [4][7][10][11][22]. Animal protein is high in iron [18] and toucan owners know to avoid meat entirely if they aren't breeding [7][8][10][19][22][24]. However, the Chick-fil-a nuggets are not just meat, but fried and cooked with various spices of unknown suitability for birds. Foot loops are extremely high in sugar, even for humans. Feeding these foods one time (if it was only one time) might not be harmful, but why take the risk with delicate animals like toucans just to get views? This is not only "exploitation", but potentially harmful exploitation.

Furthermore, Afentful's first toucan was fed cooked turkey shortly before her death at 6 years old. Her cause of death was cryptically described as "heart failure" or a "dormant heart issue", which he tries to imply was a genetic issue. Toucans are prone to cardivascular problems, and one cause is a high-fat diet and obesity [2].

Lying about Toucans being Injurious


Part of Afentful's spiel about toucans making bad pets involved him making a click bait thumbnail about toucans biting and inserting fake blood splatter on top of the image. He seems to rather enjoy presenting toucans as 'raptor-like' perhaps to make himself feel like a daring animal wrangler.

Actually, toucans may have the least injurious bite of any comparably-sized warm-blooded animal that you can possibly own. Their beaks are very lightweight [23]. After prompting his toucan who has "behavior problems" to bite him, he sustained a superficial red spot on his finger, which proves this. Parrots, on the other hand, can break your fingers [9], but I haven't heard him suggest parrots are bad pets. This is just another great example of the aforementioned paradox. Not many pet owners would induce a bite from an animal that could cause significant harm. If I prompted some of the animals I own to bite me, I would easily end up in the hospital.

 

Toucan Behavioral Issues?


Afentful suggests Beatrix, the keel-billed toucan, has "behavior problems" and is "not pet quality" despite the fact that she is an adult bird in a new environment being forcibly housed closely to other strange toucans of different species, which is not recommended [4]. I believe her behavior is completely normal and expected, which only further proves my point: Afentful seems to have expectations of birds behaving like tame dogs and when they do not, he considers them to be bad pets. This is entirely the root of exotic pet criticism, i.e. comparison syndrome. People who have incorrect perceptions of animals will label them incorrectly. The fact that his other "rescue" toucan is behaving so well (even before his supposed ample time working with them) is great evidence they make excellent pets for the right owners.

The Bottom Line


Brock Afentful frequently states throughout his Youtube channel that he doesn't believe toucans (and other exotic animals) should be pets while he purchases the birds, actively supporting the trade and making money from showing them of. Therefore they are not rescues, they are assets. While suggesting that only a limited number of people, himself included, have what it takes to care for toucans, his husbandry is questionable and does not follow the recommendations of leading toucan breeders. Afentful appears to make up his own rules regarding not just toucan care, but who is qualified to own them and nonsensical logic that permits him to "rescue" and even purchase toucans while simultaneously siding with animal rights activists so that he can get praised by pro and anti-exotic pet minded supporters, reaping every benefit.

*If any of the information presented here is factually incorrect, please let me know with sources provided.



References

  1. Axelson, Rick. Toucans and Toucanettes - General. Care & Wellness, Pet Services. 2009.
  2. Cubas, Zalmir S. "Toucans: Husbandry and Medicine World Small Animal Veterinary Association World Congress Proceedings, 2009." Hemoglobin (g/dL) 16: 14-61.
  3. dos Santos, Alessandra Aparecida, and José Ragusa-Netto. "Toco-toucan (Ramphastos toco) feeding habits at an urban area in Central Brazil." Ornitología Neotropical 24 (2013): 1-13.
  4. Emerald Forest Bird Gardens. Care Information.
  5. Engebretson, M. "The welfare and suitability of parrots as companion animals: a review." ANIMAL WELFARE-POTTERS BAR THEN WHEATHAMPSTEAD- 15.3 (2006): 263.
  6. Hess, Laurie. Axelson, Rick. "Toucans and Toucanettes - Feeding". Care & Wellness, Nutrition, Pet Services
  7. Jennings, Jerry. Toucans & Their Captive Reproduction.
  8. Johnson, Sibylle. Natural and Captive Diet of Toucans / Toucanets and Aracaris.
  9. King, I. C. C., H. Freeman, and J. E. Wokes. "Managing parrot bite injuries to the hand: not just another animal bite." Hand 10.1 (2015): 128-130.
  10. Mazuri. Mazuri® ZuLiFe® Soft-Bill Diet for Iron Sensitive Birds.
  11. Máinez, Mireia, et al. "Traumatic (foreign body) pericarditis in a Toco Toucan (Ramphastos Toco)." Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 47.4 (2016): 1097-1100.
  12. Otten, Benjamin A., et al. "Mineral content of food items commonly ingested by keel-billed toucans (Ramphastos sulfuratus)." Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 15.3 (2001): 194-196.
  13. Ragusa-Netto, José. "Abundance and frugivory of the toco toucan (Ramphastos toco) in a gallery forest in Brazil's Southern Pantanal." Brazilian Journal of Biology 66.1A (2006): 133-142.
  14. Ragusa-Netto, José. "Toco toucan feeding ecology and local abundance in a habitat mosaic in the Brazilian cerrado." Ornitologia Neotropical 19 (2008): 345-359.
  15. Reynolds M. 2017. Toco Toucan: species fact sheet. Silver Spring (MD): Avian Scientific Advisory Group. [accessed 2020 April 16th]. http://aviansag.org/Fact_Sheets/Piciformes/Toco_Toucan.pdf.
  16. Ritchie, Branson W., Greg J. Harrison, and Linda R. Harrison. Avian medicine: principles and application. HBD International, Incorporated, 1994.
  17. Seibels, B., and M. Vince. "Toucan Husbandry Manual for the AZA Piciformes TAG." Association of Zoos and Aquariums (2001).
  18. Sheppard, Christine, and Ellen Dierenfeld. "Iron storage disease in birds: speculation on etiology and implications for captive husbandry." Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 16.3 (2002): 192-197.
  19. Silva, Juliana Macedo Magnino, et al. "Development of young toco toucas fed with dry dog food and toucan pellets." Revista Brasileira de Saude e Producao Animal 12.3 (2011): 739-749.
  20. Silva, Paulo Antonio. "FLOWER EATING BY THE TOCO TOUCAN (RAMPHASTOS TOCO) IN AN ANTHROPOGENIC LANDSCAPE DURING THE DRY SEASON." Ornitología Neotropical 30 (2019): 51-55.
  21. Summers, Amado. Toucan Frequently Asked Questions. Summerbirds.com
  22. Toucans... My Experiences with their Care and Breeding
  23. Worell, Amy B. "Ramphastids." Handbook of Avian Medicine. WB Saunders, 2009. 335-349.
  24. Verschoor, T. "Talking ToucansZooQuaria 90 (2015): 16-17.
  25. Vincent, Mairee. "The Preliminary Studies of Wild Toco Toucans (Ramphastos toco)-a keeper's experience in the field." Ratel 34.3 (2007): 8.







Tuesday, March 31, 2020

Adrienne Kruzer (Spruce Pets) Copies People's Articles

Adrienne Kruzer RVT, LVT, who is currently a "Senior Veterinary Product Technical Specialist" in Lancaster, South Carolina, who writes for the Spruce Pets and various other websites, claims to be an expert in "domestic and exotic animal care", however it is apparent that she just re-writes other people's articles, including some of my own, to create a large quantity of inferior content solely for revenue.

Here is an example of a section from an article that is almost entirely taken from one of my well-researched articles on pet foxes:

Adrienne Kruzer: The arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) is very similar to the red fox but is typically smaller and not as commonly kept as a pet. An animal that has adapted to life in the Arctic, it is sensitive to hot temperatures and may overheat easier than other foxes. Measures to keep it cool may be necessary. Due to a small breeding stock in the U.S., Arctic foxes are overbred and some possess genetic problems.
 Like red foxes, its urine and scenting glands make it a smelly choice for a pet. It is not well suited to life indoors since it scent marks its territory. It also loves to play in sand and dirt and may make their litter box more of a pleasure sandbox than a bathroom spot. As far as foxes go, it can have a pleasant disposition.

From my article (which includes references):  Availability: Regular availability but less common and more expensive than red foxes.

Size: 28 inches long without the tail, and 6 to 10 pounds [2].

Relative Care Level: As the name might suggest, this species can be sensitive to hot temperatures and overheat. Measures must be taken to keep them cool in unsuitable climates. Being a 'true fox', special smelly scent glands can make them poor indoor pets, although other owners report that they have no smell [24]. Due to a small breeding stock in the U.S., arctic foxes are over-bred and some possess genetic problems [13].

Arctic foxes can have a pleasant temperament (for a fox), some learn to use their litter box 'most' of the time, and they have very smelly urine. They love to play in sand or dirt and they may mark their territory with urine or feces [10].
Cost: $200-700 for captive-bred animal.

Not only is this frustrating for writers like myself, who spend a lot of time scouring scholarly sources, pet owner forums, and using our long term interest in the subjects that we write about to aid in the development of unique online articles that provide quality material for readers, but this is also important considering Kruzer is one of many online writers with "expertise" that spread misinformation about exotic pets, claiming they make "bad pets" based on their obvious ignorance.

For instance, here is Kruzer's article on why owls make bad pets. It is clear that she has inadequately researched this topic as the information provided is extremely shallow. When describing the enclosure an owl needs, she describes it as a "substantial aviary setting" that must be made out of "sturdy wire". This is just generic information from someone who's done the most minimal amount of Googling. Here is one of my articles about pet owls with much more specific information on owl housing:
"Owls and other birds of prey are kept in what’s called a mew. These are essentially completely enclosed, large, outdoor, wooden enclosures. The sides should be composed of slats that allow in some light and air but are not too far spaced apart as to cause discomfort to the animal and potentially be accessible to outdoor animals."
It is clear that she doesn't even own exotic pets except for "two rescued leopard geckos" and her experience likely involves having been in the same room with exotic animals occasionally as a vet tech, if her content is any indication. Her lack of "expertise" is apparent to anyone who is passionate about exotic pets in captivity. Kruzer's Linkedin describes her writing:




I contacted Kruzer privately on Facebook about this issue in a respectful manner weeks ago and was just immediately blocked. I also contacted the "multi-award winning website", The Spruce, twice and was completely ignored.  This website, which was launched by About.com, claims they have the best experts in their topics and are conflict-free:

"The Spruce brand is one of the top 10 largest lifestyle properties online according to comScore, a leading Internet measurement company. Our 45+ expert writers, including professional contractors, landscapers, chefs, cookbook authors, registered vet technicians, and well known crafting bloggers, have extensive backgrounds and expertise in their topics."
  
"Our Writers
All of our writers were carefully chosen for their extensive experience in their subject areas."

"At The Spruce, we take great pride in the quality of our content. Our writers create original, accurate, engaging content that is free of ethical concerns or conflicts. If you ever come across an article that you think needs to be improved, please reach out by emailing contact@thespruce.com."

This illustrates why it is so important to ignore content farms like The Spruce Pets and authors like Adrienne Kruzer who have the gall to tell people an animal makes a bad pet or shouldn't be a pet when they are not properly educated on the topic and are mostly writing such to gain traffic and revenue.

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Executive George Latimer Bans Circuses Because He Doesn't Like Them

"circus" by fsse8info is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

 Yesterday, February 29th, in the county that I grew up in, something pretty pathetic but sadly typical took place. According to this report, Westchester County 'took a stand against animal cruelty' by banning so-called wild animal performances.

 Animal cruelty? That's bad, of course. Why would I be against banning that?
 

Well, I have these crazy thoughts that perhaps there should be evidence of something occurring before it qualifies as something that should be prohibited from the public, and banning something simply because you don't like it is a form of tyranny. In fact, there are many vegans who would likely argue that the the meat industry is vastly more 'cruel' than anything taking place in a circus, yet presumably, and perhaps hopefully, a ban on animal products wouldn't take place.

However, thanks to these two child-minded individuals, County Parks Commissioner Kathy O’Connor and Westchester County Executive George Latimer, all wild animal performances are banned in the county with nary a bit of evidence to support it.

 According to the report, these officials offered the following compelling reasons to enact the ban that mainly targets the Hanneford Circus which performed at the County Center recently:

 “They all go up on pedestals and they, one-by-one, come down,”
Kathy O’Connor.
  “To subject those animals to whatever efforts are needed to control them in this kind of environment, for them to perform is not worth the entertainment value that people get from it”
George Latimer
 

Hmm, so the tigers go up on pedastalsbut WAIT, and then they come down too. Furthermore, Latimer's extensive investigation of this circus has yielded such specific information that includes some effort is needed to control the tigers and whatever that is, it's not worth it. 

I mean, Latimer, don't you care what it is? Don't these humans whose living you are harming deserve at least a modicum of consideration? Why should your useless emotional opinion that the methods used to train the animals (the methods that you have no idea what the hell they are) are not worth it deserve more consideration? Do these officials need to be reminded that they are not 'kings' or 'supreme leaders'?

I myself also have no idea if these tigers are being whipped behind these scenes or if their handlers are using highly effective and completely harmless (actually, it is beneficial and enriching for captive animals) operant conditioning training methods, therefore I have no opinion on this circus. There are also potentially other circuses and exhibitors that used trained animals that will be automatically denied by Westchester County for no apparent reason. 

How is this right? How can these officials just decide for everyone else that they don't need to see performing animals and just ban them because they don't like it? I have no idea why when it comes to exotic animals, legislators often just regulate people however they feel like it, their rights be damned, as though exotic pet owners and handlers should feel lucky they ever had their rights to begin with.